Oct 4, 2010

Homophobic crimes in Egypt?

I have to admit it's always hard to ever approach homosexuality here in Egypt. Homosexual people (or behavior) here is usually seen as one of three views: deviant people who deserve to be punished or even executed; sick people who need medical attention; or normal people only with a different sexual orientation (hardly ever adopted or expressed, even by gays themselves).


I hesitated to write about the upcoming account of events, but I felt it's too disturbing to ignore. The story goes as follows:


A young boy, Kareem (16 year old) was walking by in downtown area, Cairo. He was followed by four guys who were shouting insults to the young boy calling him a faggot. The boy just ignored their insults and kept going, the thing that seemed to provoke them, so they chased him until they caught him and started slapping and beating him violently (they were older and much stronger). It's not very clear why they decided to be that violent and abusive; although it seems to be basically driven by homophobia as Kareem's appearance looked “different”. Kareem screamed and ran towards police informers nearby but they didn’t bother to help the boy.

Appalled by what they saw, a group of friends sitting at a downtown cafĂ© decided to intervene and help Kareem from the brutal attack. The one who stepped in first; Mohamed was met by violence and he was slapped and hit too. He was told by the perpetrators “Why do you want to help him? Are you a faggot too?”

Since the fight started to involve more people, the police finally started to take action and step in. They automatically took the side of the perpetrators because the victim seemed to be a homosexual. They wanted to take Kareem and Mohamed (who only wanted to help) to the police station. The police seemed reluctant to arrest the perpetrators, but finally decided to take the main perpetrator for investigations.

What followed was even worse. The police tortured Kareem and decided to perform a rectal examination to determine if he was a homosexual! This was done using violence and in front of the perpetrator! Mohamed was met by sarcasm and ridicule. Police informers harassed him. The only thing that might have saved Mohamed from further humiliation was that he had an American passport.

Finally, the police decided that the rectal exam didn’t prove Kareem to be a homosexual! (This kind of exam is based on old and false medical knowledge). Then, the police suggested a reconciliation deal with the perpetrator. Desperate to leave and end the awful experience, both Mohamed and Kareem agreed so they can get out of the terrifying police station. A police report was issued and it had a completely different story from what happened.

Now does Kareem deserve being attacked and humiliated like this? Does any human deserve this? Is being homosexual a good reason to be treated like this by the police even if you were a victim? Does someone's appearance or thoughts or identity give any person the right to attack others? Isn't the police role to protect people when they need them?!

Police torture is a common issue here, but more light is being shed on it as activists are getting more vocal about it and spreading awareness mainly using the internet and social media. But it's sad when no one is willing to advocate a person's rights if the person is thought to be homosexual! I highly doubt that torture activist would stand by Kareem.

The Egyptian penalcode has no clear articles against homosexuality however an outdated law to combat prostitution is used to prosecute homosexuals under the title of (habitual practice of debauchery). I wonder if criminalizing homosexuality help Egypt become free from homosexuals. Does this law really change anything to the better? Or it only infringes on some people’s personal freedoms and privacy?

Can someone in Egypt speak against the homophobia? Is it a “good cause”? Would this kind of activism gain any support inside Egypt?

A lot of questions worth contemplating and discussion, however homosexuality is a huge taboo and most activists fear stigmatization if they advocate it. Another taboo yet to be broken!

14 comments:

  1. I just found your blog and I love this post ... I am a supporter of male and female homosexual rights and I believe that no one has the right to play God in the lives of others

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  2. Thanks a lot Marwa for your support!

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  3. Important quetsions about how to speak out and build support. It is very important to build the linkages with other movements. Speak with the human rights folks about the violence, police brutality, torture etc. I'm sure they would see the links. Speak with the women's movements about patriarchy, gender norms and sexual norms. I'm sure they would see the links too.
    When you start the public debate, you could do it by drawing these links. All the best!

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  4. What a horrible way to treat a human being, especially a young boy. I hope the present reformers begin to give this problem some attention.

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  5. It is awesome how i found an egyptian writing about LGBT rights in egypt !! keep it up as we need a hell of awareness.

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  6. I'm glad to see more Egyptians taking up the discourse of sexual politics.

    I'm an American, and while I happen to live in a very tolerant area of America (New York is even discussing the possibility of legalizing gay marriage!) even here and in other parts of the country stories such as this are more common than compassionate human beings would care to hear...aside from the "rectal exam" (although we are no stranger to police brutality) events of this nature occur every day.

    I can only hope discussions on sexuality will gain momentum in your country and the use of the internet as a source of accurate information will come as second nature.

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  7. Good article, but can I know what your stance on homosexuality is?
    Should they be helped to seek psychological attention? Or should they just be free to do whatever they want?

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  8. Great article on a horrendous incident. Egypt is really like the Middle-Ages. I simply cannot believe the shocking mentality.
    I move from hope to despair constantly. every-time I think there is real hope for the New Egypt, something knocks me towards the horror that seems to be the old, or is that the real Egypt[?]

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  9. @incommonworld
    It is horrendous. I think it can happen anywhere in the world though. Even police violence against LGBTQ people is documented in so many different countries. Humans can be brutal everywhere.

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  10. @ OmarHammam

    You asked a question that could take several posts to answer. What I can easily tell you that I am against criminalizing adult consensual sexual behavior because it's not the role of the state to control what adults do in their bedrooms.

    The debate around if homosexuality is a psychiatric disease or not is common. Several organizations have removed homosexuality from their lists of mental disorders such as World Health Organization and American Psychiatric Association after conducting research and realizing that homosexual people are "normal people" and that homosexuality is a natural part of human diversity. Here in our countries doctors say that it's a disease that is helped by praying and getting closer to God!! This brings up a lot of questions such as: What is natural and what is not? Who defines this & based on what? What is the stance of religion on this? Is the story of Lut means that homosexuality is a sin or it can have different interpretations? What is the purpose of love and sex? Is sexual desire just meant for procreation? Does the whole world population have to procreate?

    Lots of questions that cannot be answered by mere science. But I believe we can agree on principles of nondiscrimination, tolerance and acceptance for every one!

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  11. After conducting some googling, I could easily find out not only 'our countries' doctors who say that homosexuality is a disorder but some US organizations like NARTH have the same perspective.
    I read a lo ton the matter and I can say that while we can not prosecute whoever for their sexual behavior, we should also offer awarness for those who don't feel comfortable with their orientation rather than forcing them to accept it.

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  12. after a while of googling, i found out that homosexuality are a sin, the sexual act of course, we have a stereotypical stigma here in Egypt, and i just want to say "being gay is not only about sex" many gays are attracted to their own sex fr only the love, they attract to them sexually of course, but when they came to the sexual act, the fer from the consequences, from god or even from people who well harass them, or even kill them if they got a chance,...

    nice blog by the way, keep on posting.

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  13. Your blog inspired me to write my own, and I even cited you. Care to check it out? My first entry is about Homophobic hate crimes as well
    Thank you(:

    http://SimplyGreenGoGreen.blogspot.com/

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